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Music



Goals and objectives for Music

PRIMARY K – 3

Kindergarten students will explore the following musical topics by singing as well as variety of Orff instruments:

  • Expression: Be able to hear and perform loud and soft sounds.
  • Melody: Be able to hear and perform high and low tones.
  • Rhythm: Be able to hear and perform a steady beat and fast and slow tempos.
  • Form: Be able to hear and perform echo and tell sections apart.
  • Harmony: Know when music has or does not have accompaniment.
  • History/style: Appreciate many kinds of music and from many countries.
  • Audience/performance skills: Be able to be a good audience.

First grade students will explore the following musical topics by singing as well as variety of Orff instruments:

  • Expression/rhythm: Be able to understand the difference between fast and slow.
  • Tone color: Be able to hear high from low and different kinds of sounds.
  • Melody: Know that music is a series of sounds called notes.
  • Rhythm: Be able to perform steady and strong beats.
  • Form: Know the difference between same and different sounds.
  • Harmony: Be able to identify accompaniment.

Second grade students will explore the following musical topics by singing, using Kidsplay handbells, and a variety of Orff instruments:

  • Expression: Be able to identify forte and piano, accents, and changes in dynamics.
  • Tone color: Know methods of sound production for classroom instruments.
  • Melody: Know that music moves by steps, leaps and repeats.
  • Rhythm: Be able to hear and perform simple rhythmic patterns.
  • Form: Know that music has form.
  • Harmony: Be able to identify music that contains harmony.
  • History/style: Be able to participate in patriotic, folk, and music of different countries.

INTERMEDIATE 4 – 5

Third grade students will also explore the following musical topics by singing, playing a variety of Orff instruments, and playing boomwhackers:

  • Expression: Understand the purpose of dynamics in music.
  • Tone color: Be able to hear timbre in instruments.
  • Melody: Understand the treble clef.
  • Rhythm: Understand values of notes in basic patterns and meters in 2’s and 3’s.
  • Form: Be able to recognize musical phrase form and repeated patterns.
  • Harmony: Understand the difference between homophonic and polyphonic music.
  • History/style: Be able to participate in historically-important music.
  • Audience/performance skills: Be able to take care of classroom instruments, be a good audience.

Fourth grade students will explore the following musical topics by playing the soprano recorder, singing, and playing a variety of Orff instruments:

  • Expression: understand dynamic contrast.
  • Tone color: Understand timbre in instruments and voices.
  • Melody: Understand the treble and bass clefs.
  • Rhythm: Understand the basic notes and the basic elements of tempo.
  • Form: Understand musical phrase form.
  • Harmony: Be able to make harmony using different methods.
  • History/style: Understand folk, pop, and classical styles of music.
  • Audience/performance skills: Be able to take care of classroom instruments, be a good audience, and be able to play in a group ensemble.

Fifth grade students will explore the following musical topics by playing the soprano, alto, and tenor recorders, as well as singing and playing a variety of Orff instruments:

  • Expression/performance: Understand how major and minor keys affect music.
  • Tone color: Understand the difference between orchestras and bands.
  • Melody/harmony: Understand the relationship of note placement on the grand staff.
  • Rhythm: Understand note values and their corresponding rests.
  • Form: Understand musical form.
  • History/style: Possess a basic knowledge and appreciation of a variety of musical genres, as well as understand the ages of music from Medieval through Modern.
  • Audience/performance skills: Be able to take care of classroom instruments, be a good audience, and be able to play in a group ensemble.

MIDDLE SCHOOL 6 – 8

All students in 6th to 8th grades will:

  • Expression/performance: Possess a knowledge of basic music signs and terms.
  • Tone color: Understand the composition of a chorus.
  • Melody/harmony: Understand major key signatures in treble clef and understand
    the construction of a major scale.
  • Rhythm: Understand the function of time signature and note values in simple meter.
  • Form: Understand musical phrase form, especially rondo.
  • History/style: Understand, sing, and/or play music of [various musical styles].
  • Performance skills: Be able to play in a group ensemble with a variety of rhythms and harmonies.

CHORAL MUSIC (voluntary grades 2-8)

  • Be able to demonstrate correct breathing and in-tune singing, and enunciate words clearly.
  • Be able to read a vocal score.
  • Possess performance knowledge of basic music signs and terms.
  • Be able to use proper rehearsal etiquette working weekly to meet performance expectations and to increase skills.
  • Be able to meet performance expectations.

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